Diversification strategies: Beyond stocks and bonds

DDerek September 10, 2023 9:51 AM

If you're somewhat familiar with investing, you've probably heard the term 'diversification'. It's a technique used by investors to reduce risk by spreading investments across a variety of different asset classes. While stocks and bonds are the traditional go-to's, there are plenty of other options out there to consider.

So, what are some alternative investments you can diversify your portfolio with? Let's dive in.

Real Estate

Real estate can be a great way to diversify your portfolio beyond traditional stocks and bonds. This could mean buying rental properties, investing in REITs (Real Estate Investment Trusts), or even crowdfunded real estate platforms.


Commodities like oil, wheat, and gold are another option. These assets can act as a hedge against inflation and offer a way to gain exposure to different sectors of the economy.

Mutual Funds and ETFs

Mutual funds and ETFs (Exchange Traded Funds) are investment vehicles that hold a collection of assets. They can provide diversification within a certain sector or across different asset classes.

Precious Metals

Investing in precious metals like gold, silver, and platinum can provide a hedge against inflation and currency fluctuations.


Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum are a newer, more speculative asset class. While they offer high potential returns, they also come with a high level of risk.

P2P Lending

Peer-to-peer lending platforms allow you to lend money directly to individuals or small businesses in return for interest. It's a way to diversify and potentially earn higher returns than traditional savings accounts.

Hedge Funds, Private Equity, and Venture Capital

While these investment types typically require a higher initial investment and come with more risk, they can offer significant returns and provide diversification.

Art and Collectibles

Investing in art and other collectibles can be an enjoyable way to diversify your portfolio. Just be aware that values can be subjective and selling can be more difficult than other assets.

Here is a quick summary of diversification options beyond stocks and bonds:

Investment Type Potential Benefits Risks
Real Estate Income from rents, capital appreciation Market volatility, property management
Commodities Hedge against inflation, exposure to different sectors Price volatility, speculative
Mutual Funds/ETFs Diversification, potentially high returns Management fees, market risk
Precious Metals Hedge against inflation, currency fluctuations Storage costs, price volatility
Cryptocurrencies High potential returns High volatility, regulatory risk
P2P Lending Higher returns than savings, diversification Credit risk, platform risk
Hedge Funds/Private Equity/Venture Capital High potential returns, diversification High initial investment, illiquidity
Art/Collectibles Enjoyable, potential appreciation Subjective value, selling can be difficult

Remember, the key to successful investing isn't about picking the 'best' investment, but rather about balancing risk and return to meet your personal financial goals. Diversification is just one tool to help you do that. Always do your research and consider seeking professional advice before diving into new investment areas.

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